Its brilliant flares were clearly visible for great distances at sea, and at night its glowing lava turned it into a brilliant luminous cone. As the smallest country in continental America, El Salvador is sometimes called Pulgarcito de America (the "Tom Thumb of the Americas"). Almost all the annual rainfall and the highest humidity occurs during this time, and yearly rain totals, particularly on southern-facing mountain slopes, can be as high as 2,000 millimeters (78.7 in). It was projected to increase to 8.8 million by the year 2000. El Salvador is a country located in Central America between Guatemala and Honduras. Temperatures vary primarily with elevation and show little seasonal change. One of the main natural resources in the country is its geothermal energy. These people were descendants of the Aztec, Pocomames, and Lencas. It is positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. km. Originating in Guatemala, the Rio Lempa cuts across the northern range of mountains, flows along much of the central plateau, and finally cuts through the southern volcanic range to empty into the Pacific. (8,124 sq. The Geography of El Salvador Total Size: 21,040 square km Size Comparison: slightly smaller than Massachusetts Geographical Coordinates: 13 50 N, 88 55 W World Region or Continent: Central America General Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau Geographical Low Point: Pacific Ocean 0 m Geographical High Point: Cerro El Pital 2,730 m On May 31, 1522, the Spanish Admiral Andres Nino and his expedition landed on Meanguera Island, a territory of El Salvador located in the Gulf of Fonseca. The Geography of El Salvador. The Cerron Grande Dam on the Rio Lempa has created a large reservoir, the Embalse Cerron Grande, in northern El Salvador. Surfaces in the Pacific lowlands are generally flat or gently rolling and result from the alluvial deposits of nearby slopes. Total renewable water resources: El Salvador has 590 km of borders, including 391 km of borders with Honduras and 199 km with Guatemala. El Salvador is a country located in Central America between Guatemala and Honduras. El Salvador is about the size of Israel and the U.S states of New Jersey and Vermont, but has the population size of Libya and Lebanon. In the southeast, the Golfo de Fonseca separates it from Nicaragua. The highest point in El Salvador is Cerro el Pital at 8,956 feet (2,730 m), located in the northern part of the country on the border with Honduras. By the time this air reaches El Salvador, it is dry, hot, and hazy. El Salvador has a mixed economic system which includes a variety of private freedom, combined with centralized economic planning and government regulation. In the southeast, the Golfo de Fonseca separates it from Nicaragua. El Salvador currently has one of the largest economies in Central America and in 2001 it adopted the United States' dollar as its official national currency. El Salvador, along with the rest of Central America, is one of the most seismologically active regions on earth, situated atop three of the large tectonic plates that constitute the Earth's surface. Salvadoran Geography. Two parallel mountain ranges cross through the country to the west. El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. Geography Situated on the Pacific coast of Central America, El Salvador has Guatemala to the west and Honduras to the north and east. GEOGRAPHY El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America and is smaller than the state of Massachusetts. El Salvador has 590 km of borders, including 391 km of borders with Honduras and 199 km with Guatemala. In El Salvador you plant most of your food, vegetables and fruit. Although hurricanes occasionally form in the Pacific, they seldom affect El Salvador, with the notable exception of Hurricane Mitch in 1998 (which actually formed over the Atlantic Basin) and Hurricane Emily in 1973. El Salvador has over 300 rivers, the most important of which is the Rio Lempa. mi.) El Salvador has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons. A narrow plain extends from the coastal volcanic range to the Pacific Ocean. Location: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras . During Spanish rule El Salvador was a province of the Kingdom of Guatemala. The Pacific lowlands are uniformly hot and humid; the central plateau and mountain areas are more moderate. During the 1970s, the country was marred by severe political, social and economic problems. In January 1992 a series of peace agreements ended the war that killed more than 75,000 people. The southern range of mountains is actually a discontinuous chain of more than twenty volcanoes, clustered into five groups. Their constant collision over thousands of years is what has created and will keep creating volcanoes in the area. The main industries in the country are food processing, beverage manufacturing, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, and light metals. Ocean floor material is largely composed of basalt, which is relatively dense; when it collides with the lighter granite rocks of Central America, the ocean floor is forced down under the land mass, creating the deep Middle America Trench that lies off the coast of El Salvador. Geographic coordinates: 13 50 N, 88 55 W . El Salvador Map. Izalco has erupted at least 51 times since 1770. Exclusive economic zone: El Salvador is divided into 14 departments for local administration. The topography of El Salvador consists mainly of mountains, but the country does have a narrow, relatively flat coastal belt and a central plateau. The mountain ranges and central plateau, covering 85 percent of the land, comprise the interior highlands. Geography Archives: El Salvador. Climate: The country is the smallest in Central America and uniquely within the region, it has no Caribbean coastline. Attacking the Messenger: Profile of Salvadoran political cartoonist Otto Meza ... El Salvador to voice their opposition to the proposed gold-mining project of Pacific Rim, a Canadian mining company. The remaining coastal plains are referred to as the Pacific lowlands. It is bordered by Guatemala, Nicaragua and El Salvador and has a population of just under eight million. El Salvador Public Holidays El Salvador Upclose Capital: San Salvador Population: 6,822,378 (June 2006) Size: 21,040 sq. The country is a democratic republic with a strong executive branch, a unicameral legislative assembly, and a supreme court. The highest place of El Salvador is 2,730 meters above sea level, at Cerro El Pital, in the municipality of San Ignacio… Location and Geography. El Salvador has a coastline of 307 km. Because El Salvador is located not far from the equator, its climate is tropical in nearly all areas except for its higher elevations where the climate is considered more temperate. It is the smallest of the Central American countries, with an area equal to that of Massachusetts, and it is the only one without an Atlantic coastline. This season is known locally as verano, or summer. The lowest point of elevation in El Salvador is the Pacific Ocean, at sea level. El Salvador's physical shape form, evokes a similar resemblance to a rugged and miniature version of the U.S State of California. Motion along this fault is the source of earthquakes in northernmost El Salvador. Two parallel mountain ranges cross El Salvador to the west with a central plateau between them and a narrow coastal plain hugging the Pacific. El Salvador is a small mountainous Central American nation. Today, El Salvador is considered a republic and its capital city is San Salvador. Near La Libertad, however, the mass of the mountains push the lowlands out; the slopes of adjacent volcanoes come down directly to the ocean. in geography and a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic information Systems (GIS). There is a lot of grass for gardening. In 1524, after living in Cuzcatlan for centuries, Pedro de Alvarado invaded El Salvador. During the 1980s, the country's coastal roads were compared to California's coastal roads by American surfers and El Salvador became known as the wild west of Central America, characterized by roughness and lawlessness. In 1823 El Salvador … Its territory is situated wholly on the western side of the isthmus, and it is therefore the only Central American country that lacks a Caribbean coast. Between the cones lie alluvial basins and rolling hills eroded from ash deposits. El Salvador (/ ɛ l ˈ s æ l v ə d ɔːr / (); Spanish: [el salβaˈðoɾ] ()), officially the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Saviour"), is a country in Central America.It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean.El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. Other large lakes include the Lago de Coatepeque in the west and the Lago de Güija on the Guatemalan border. The central plateau constitutes only 25 percent of the land area but contains the heaviest concentration of population and the country's largest cities. Terrain here is rolling, with occasional escarpments, lava fields, and geysers. mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau. Honduras is considered a developing nation and is … El Salvador has a coastline of 307 km. The Pacific Ocean floor, however, is being carried northeast by the underlying motion of the Cocos Plate. It is basically the union of two tectonic plaques. An international airport was constructed in the 1970s on the coastal plain 25 miles (40 km) south of the capital. Uniquely situated in a cloud forest, the mountain is home to many endangered species of flora and fauna. Geography :: El Salvador. The westernmost group, near the Guatemalan border, contains Izalco and Santa Ana, which at 2,365 meters is the highest volcano in El Salvador. Its capital and largest city is San Salvador and the country is known as being the smallest but most densely populated country in Central America. Deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; contamination of soils from disposal of toxic wastes. El Salvador has a total area of 21,041 km 2 (8,124 sq mi). 2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues: El Salvador’s main outlet to the Atlantic is through the Guatemalan port of Puerto Barrios, with which San Salvador is linked by road and rail, via Guatemala City. North of El Salvador, Mexico and most of Guatemala are riding on the westward-moving North American Plate that butts against the northern edge of the stationary Caribbean Plate in southern Guatemala. The volcanic soil is rich, and much of El Salvador's coffee is planted on these slopes. This is slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Massachusetts. On September 15, 1821, El Salvador and the other Spanish provinces in Central America declared their independence from Spain. This country of many land forms is surprising people everyday with its natural beauty. 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